Tuesday, 8 January 2013

The Exhibition by 31 Women - Resolution for this blog.

As I still seem incapable of doing anything new in the way of creative writing, I've returned to my work on the 31 Women. These artists are defined as a group by their participation in the 1943 "Exhibition by 31 Women" which was held at Peggy Guggenheim's New York City gallery, Art of This Century. I've been researching and writing about this exhibition and its participants for several years. I will post a list of the artists here, and over subsequent weeks I'll post a paragraph or six about each of them.
Many of these artists are not well known and if you have any information about the lesser known ones (marked  *) I'd be delighted to hear - just post a comment and I'll get back to you. I'm interested to know the whereabouts of any works by them,  especially work in private hands.

The 31 Women (and where they were active as artists)

1  *        Djuna Barnes - France/USA

2     *     Xenia Cage (Xenia Andreyevna Kashevaroff) - USA

3          Leonora Carrington - UK/France/Mexico

4          Maria Elena Vieira da Silva - Portugal/Brazil/France

5      *  Elisabeth Eyre de Lanux - USA/France

6          Leonor Fini - Italy/France (born Argentina)

7   *     Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven (Else Plotz) (The Dada Baroness) - Germany/USA/France

8      *    Suzy Frelinghysen - USA

9      *    Meraud (Guinness) Guevara – UK/France

10     *   Anne Harvey – USA/France

11    *    Valentine Hugo - France

12    *    Buffie Johnson  - USA          

13        Frida Kahlo - Mexico/USA

14   *     Jacqueline Lamba (Breton) - France/USA

15        Gypsy Rose Lee - USA

16   *     Aline Meyer Liebman USA

17    *    Hazel McKinley (Guggenheim, King-Farlow) – USA/UK

18    *    Milena Pavlovic Barilli – Yugoslavia/USA

19        Louise Nevelson - USA

20        Meret Oppenheim - Switzerland/France

21    *    Barbara Reis (Poe-Levee) - USA

22        Irene Rice Pereira - USA

23        Kay Sage (Tanguy) - USA/Italy/France

24    *    Sonja Sekula - Switzerland/USA

25   *     Gretchen Schoeninger - USA

26     *   Esphyr Slobodkina - USA

27        Hedda Sterne – USA

28        Dorothea Tanning - USA/France

29        Sophie Taeuber (Arp) - Switzerland/France

30   *     Julia Thecla - USA

31    *    Pegeen Vail - USA/France/UK/Italy (b. Switzerland)


  1. Thank you very much for providing this information about the exhibition, almost invisible in internet. Great thanks from Spain

  2. Thanks for your kind comment Laura.
    I'm very pleased you are interested. My aim is to spread the word about the exhibition and the artists, so many of them are quite forgotten, which is the fate of most women and it is not right!

  3. Hi, Sue.
    I have a book that I've read in the last months of one of the artists. It is in spanish:
    "Baronesa dandy, reina dadá. La vida-obra de Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven" by Gloria G. Durán.
    It is a kind of biography of Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven and explains the surrealism context of that years. Also citates works about Djuna Barnes.
    If you want more information about the book and you couldn't find it on Internet, send me an email to this adress: martaranna@gmail.com
    Finally, I would say you lots of thanks for the information of your blog. I'm a History of Art student and a lover of surrealism art so reading this is such a rewarding thing !

  4. hi Sugs, please contact me on ute.noll (at) du-magazin. com . We are doing an issue on
    Peggy Guggenheim. Thanks . Best ute